Volume 18, Issue 3 (10-2022)                   HSR 2022, 18(3): 223-233 | Back to browse issues page

Research code: IR.IAU.TON.REC.1399.026
Ethics code: IR.IAU.TON.REC.1399.026

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1- PhD Student, Department of Counseling, Tonekabon Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tonekabon, Iran
2- Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Tonekabon Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tonekabon, Iran
3- Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Tonekabon Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tonekabon, Iran
Abstract:   (1083 Views)
Background: People with abusive relationships experience mental disorders, irritability, and dysfunction. The aim of this study was to design and psychometrically analyze a tool to assess and detect the desire to re-experience abusive relationships.
Methods: This was an exploratory mixed study. In the qualitative stage using grounded theory method, 9 specialists and 8 individuals with abusive relationships referred to psychological clinics in Rasht, Iran, were selected by in-depth semi-structural interviews using purposive sampling method. Then, a questionnaire of the desire to re-experience abusive relationships was developed with 52 questions on the Likert scale. In the quantitative stage which was of a methodological type, psychometric properties were examined using face validity, content validity, and structural validity, as well as internal consistency and stability reliability.
Findings: Qualitatively, abusive relationships include "perceived violence, psychological symptoms, unhealthy relationship maintenance strategies, dark personality traits, emotion regulation problems, maintenance factors, family abuse, and self-destructive behaviors". Quantitatively, the tool was valid on the basis of face and content validity. In structural validity using exploratory factor analysis, questions had acceptable correlation (more than 0.3). According to the results of factor analysis, the re-experiencing abusive relationships scale was designed in 18 domains. Tool reliability was obtained 0.87 using internal consistency, and also stability reliability was at an optimal level using test-retest method (0.97).
Conclusion: Abusive relationships are a complex, dynamic, continuous, and correlated concept of underlying conditions, maintenance factors, causal conditions, and interventional conditions and include a wide range of individual and personality, cultural, and economic factors. Considering the proper validity and reliability of this tool, it is recommended to use it to detect the desire to repeat the experience for therapeutic interventions.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Biostatistics and Epidemiology
Received: 2021/12/4 | Accepted: 2022/01/19 | Published: 2022/10/7

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