دوره 14، شماره 2: 1397:252-257

بررسی عوامل تبیین‌کننده فعالیت بدنی منظم بر اساس نظریه شناختی اجتماعی در کارکنان شبکه بهداشت برخوار و شاهین‌شهر اصفهان

اسماعیل محمودی, زهره فتحیان دستگردی, احمد علی اسلامی

DOI: 10.22122/jhsr.v14i2.3323

چکیده


مقدمه: ساعات به نسبت طولاني كار و رفت و آمد از منزل به محل كار و بر عكس، زماني را جهت انجام فعاليت‌هاي ورزشي کارکنان باقي نمي‌گذارد. پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی عوامل تبیین‌کننده فعالیت بدنی منظم بر اساس نظریه شناختی اجتماعی در کارکنان شبکه بهداشت شهرستان برخوار و شاهین‌شهر انجام گرفت.

روش‌ها: این مطالعه از نوع توصیفی- تحلیلی بود که به روش سرشماری بر روی 170 نفر از کارکنان شبکه بهداشت شهرستان برخوار و شاهین‌شهر انجام شد. اطلاعات با استفاده از پرسش‌نامه استاندارد متشکل از سه بخش جمعيت‌‌شناختي، پرسش‌نامه بین‌المللی فعالیت بدنی (International Physical Activity Questionnaire یا IPAQ) و سازه‌های نظریه شناختی اجتماعی جمع‌آوری گردید. داده‌ها با استفاده از آزمون‌های آمار توصیفی و آنالیز رگرسیون چندگانه سلسله مراتبی جهت بررسی میزان پیشگویی فعالیت بدنی منظم توسط سازه‌های نظریه شناختی اجتماعی در نرم‌افزار SPSS مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفت.

یافته‌ها: میانگین سنی شرکت‌کنندگان، 42/38 سال بود. سازه‌های نظریه شناختی اجتماعی (خودکارامدی، انتظارات پیامد، ارزش پیامد، حمایت خانواده و حمایت دوستان) در گام اول وارد تحلیل شد که 13 درصد واریانس رفتار فعالیت بدنی را تبیین نمود. از میان سازه‌های نظریه شناختی اجتماعی، خودکارامدی و از میان متغیرهای جمعیت‌شناختی، سن ارتباط معنی‌داری با فعالیت بدنی منظم داشت.

نتیجه‌گیری: بر اساس نتایج به دست آمده، خودکارامدی عامل مهمی در پیشگویی انجام فعالیت بدنی منظم در کارکنان است. پیشنهاد می‌شود که در مطالعات آینده، راهکارهای ارتقای خودکارامدی در انجام فعالیت بدنی بررسی گردد.


واژگان کلیدی


فعالیت بدنی منظم؛ نظریه شناختی اجتماعی؛ کارکنان

تمام متن:

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Factors Explaining Regular Physical Activity Based on Social Cognitive Theory




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22122/jhsr.v14i2.3323

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