Volume 15, Issue 2 (9-2019)                   HSR 2019, 15(2): 107-114 | Back to browse issues page

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Mohammad Sharifi Darani M, Jalili Z, Hassanzadeh A. Impact of Health Belief Model-based Training on Self-care Behavior in Elderly People with Hypertension Referring to Comprehensive Health Services Centers of Daran City, Iran, during 2017-18. HSR 2019; 15 (2) :107-114
URL: http://hsr.mui.ac.ir/article-1-1081-en.html
1- MSc Student of Health Education, Research Sciences Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
2- Associate Professor, Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, Research Sciences Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
3- Instructor, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
Abstract:   (1120 Views)
Background: Population ageing in recent years has led to a significant rise in the number of chronic diseases. This issue has highlighted the need for protection and management through self-care behaviors. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of health belief model-based training on self-care behavior among elderly patients with hypertension referring to the comprehensive health centers of Daran city, Iran. Methods: This quasi-experimental study was conducted on 100 elderly patients with hypertension covered by the comprehensive health centers of Daran city using a pretest-posttest design and intervention group. The study population was randomly divided into intervention and control groups. Both groups completed a researcher-made questionnaire, including demographic data, knowledge, constructs of health belief model, and self-care behaviors, the validity and reliability of which were confirmed. Data collection was accomplished using interviewers. The data were analyzed in SPSS software (version 18) using independent t-test, paired sample t-test, Chi-square test, and Fisher’s exact test. Findings: The mean age of the patients in the intervention and control groups were 66.6±6.5 and 67.4±6.3, respectively. Before the intervention, there was no significant difference between the two groups in terms of the mean scores of sensitivity, severity, perceived benefits and barriers, guidance for action, self-efficacy, and self-care behaviors (P>0.05). However, after the intervention, the intervention group showed a significant increase in the mean scores of knowledge and model components (P< 0.001). Conclusion: As the findings indicated, the application of the health belief model-based training improved the self-care behaviors and function of the elderly with hypertension. Therefore, it is recommended to use this model to enhance such behaviors in this population.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: education health and promotion
Received: 2020/07/16 | Accepted: 2019/09/15 | Published: 2019/09/15

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