Volume 18, Issue 4 (1-2023)                   HSR 2023, 18(4): 307-313 | Back to browse issues page

Research code: IR.MUI.RESEARCH.REC.1399.102

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Molavi-Vardanjani E, Azimi M, Fathian-Dastgerdi Z. Determinants of Self-Care Behavior among Pregnant Women during COVID-19 Pandemic in Isfahan, Iran, According to Extended Parallel Process Model. HSR 2023; 18 (4) :307-313
URL: http://hsr.mui.ac.ir/article-1-1355-en.html
1- Department of Health Education and Promotion, School of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
2- Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
3- Assistant Professor, Department of Health Education and Promotion, School of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
Abstract:   (522 Views)
Background: Due to the prevalence of coronavirus infection in Iran and the greater susceptibility of pregnant women to the disease, this study aimed to investigate the predictors of pregnant women's self-care behavior in coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) epidemic using the Extended Parallel Process Model (EPPM).
Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted on 309 pregnant women in Isfahan City, Iran. The samples were selected using two-stage cluster sampling method from 14 health centers in Isfahan City. In order to collect data, participants completed a researcher-made questionnaire based on EPPM constructs online. The collected data were analyzed using Spearman correlation coefficient and hierarchical linear regression tests via SPSS software.
Findings: The mean age of the participants was 29.00 ± 6.25 years. Overall, the four variables of “perceived sensitivity, perceived severity, self-efficacy, and response efficiency” constituted about 44% of the total variance of protective behaviors in pregnant women (adjusted R2 = 0.42%, P = 0.030). Among them, the constructs of self-efficacy (β = 0.41) and response efficiency (β = 0.15) had the greatest power in predicting self-care behavior (P < 0.050).
Conclusion: Self-efficacy and response efficiency constructs have been the main determinants of self-care behaviors of pregnant women during COVID-19 disease. Therefore, in order to promote self-care behaviors in pregnant women, more emphasis can be placed on strategies of improving the mentioned constructs.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: education health and promotion
Received: 2022/01/4 | Accepted: 2022/09/4 | Published: 2023/01/5

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