Volume 8, Issue 2 (6-2012)                   HSR 2012, 8(2): 339-347 | Back to browse issues page

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Tol A, Sharifirad G, Eslami A, Alhani F, Mohajeri Tehrani M, Shojaezadeh D. Self-Efficacy: An Efficient Functional Concept in Type 2 Diabetes Control. HSR 2012; 8 (2) :339-347
URL: http://hsr.mui.ac.ir/article-1-375-en.html
1- PhD Candidate, Student Research Committee, Department of Health Education and Promotion, School of Public Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
2- Professor, Department of Health Education and Promotion, School of Public Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
3- Assistant Professor, Department of Health Education and Promotion, School of Public Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
4- Associate Professor, Department of Health Education and Promotion, School of Medicine, Tarbiat Modarres University, Tehran, Iran
5- Associate Professor, Endocrine and Metabolism Research Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
6- Professor, Department of Health Education and Promotion, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (1003 Views)
Background: Diabetic patients have some difficulties in controlling their disease and integrating it in their life. Self-efficacy is a psychosocial variable in the field of diabetes which can have desirable or undesirable effects on all kinds of disease outcomes. This study aimed to determine self-efficacy and its effective factors among type 2 diabetic patients. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted during four months in 2011. Consecutive sampling was used to select 140 patients with type 2 diabetes. A questionnaire including demographic characteristics, health-related questions (12 items) and diabetes self- efficacy scale (8 items) was employed to collect data. All items were scored on a scale of 1 (not at all confident) to 10 (totally confident). Descriptive statistics was used to analyze the collected data in SPSS11.5. Findings: The response rate was 100%. The mean age and diabetes duration were 53.23 ± 7.82 and 53.23 ± 7.82 years, respectively. While the mean score of self-efficacy was 36.29 ± 9.27, 58.6% of the participants had low self-efficacy. In addition, self- efficacy had significant relations with marital status (P < 0.001), education level (P = 0.04), general health status (P = 0.04), disease duration (P = 0.02), and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) level (P = 0.002).  Conclusion: Self-efficacy has a key role in diabetes control. However, a high percentage of our participants had low self-efficacy. Therefore, educational interventions using health education and promotion theories focusing on self-efficacy are necessary.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: education health and promotion
Received: 2020/07/16 | Accepted: 2012/06/15 | Published: 2012/06/15

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