Volume 9, Issue 4 (7-2013)                   HSR 2013, 9(4): 354-361 | Back to browse issues page

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Zabihollah Gharlipour, Seyed Mohammad Mahdi Hazavehei, Babak Moeini, Mahin Nazari, Abbas Moghimbeygi. Effectiveness of Educational Program on Promotion of Smoking Preventive Behaviors in Adolescences. HSR 2013; 9 (4) :354-361
URL: http://hsr.mui.ac.ir/article-1-627-en.html
1- PhD Candidate, Department of Health Education and Promotion, School of Public Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran (Corresponding Author) Email: gharlipour@yahoo.com
2- Professor, Department of Public Health, School of Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
3- Assistant Professor, Department of Public Health, School of Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
4- Assistant Professor, Department of Health Education, School of Health, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
5- Assistant Professor, Department of Biostatistics, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
Abstract:   (965 Views)
Background: Smoking in adolescent is an important health issue. It is a serious high-risk factor for other risk behaviors in later adulthood. Regarding the start of smoking in lower ages and also the relative risks, giving attention to the level of knowledge and preventive behaviors of smoking is important in adolescents. Therefore, the present study aimed to determine the effectiveness of educational program on promotion of smoking preventive behaviors in adolescences. Methods: A quasi-experimental study was carried out in the secondary school male students (2nd grade) of Shiraz, Iran in academic years 2009-2010. Before starting the study, a baseline study was carried out and two schools were selected; then a total number of 240 students were randomly selected for the intervention (n = 120) and the control (n = 120) groups. A questionnaire was designed for the prevention group, and then the data were collected after two months in both groups. Data were analyzed using independent t-tests, paired t-test, McNemar__AWT_QUOTE__s test and chi-square test. Findings: The results showed that educational intervention had a significant effect on intervention group__AWT_QUOTE__s average response for knowledge of smoking side-effects (P < 0.0001) in addition to average response for the preventive behaviors (P < 0.0001). Conclusion: Given these findings, educational programs must be applied for promotion of smoking preventive behaviors for controlling and prevention of tobacco use among adolescents.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: education health and promotion
Received: 2020/07/16 | Accepted: 2013/07/15 | Published: 2013/07/15

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