Volume 11, Issue 4 (1-2016)                   HSR 2016, 11(4): 705-712 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Golshan M, Torabifar M, Sabaghian-Bidgoli M, Amin M M, Ghasemian M, Karimi-Takanlu L. Influence of Ethylene Dichloride Concentration on the Methanogenic Activity of Anaerobic Biomass. HSR 2016; 11 (4) :705-712
URL: http://hsr.mui.ac.ir/article-1-821-en.html
1- Student Research Committee, School of Health, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
2- Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Lali Municipality, Khouzestan, Iran
3- Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
4- Environment Research Center, School of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
5- Environment Research Center, School of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan AND Tehran Wastewater Engineering Company, Tehran, Iran
6- Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (669 Views)
Background: In this study, the inhibitory effect of ethylene dichloride (EDC) on biodegradation was investigated using the specific methanogenic activity (SMA) test of anaerobic biomass.Methods: 40 SMA tests were performed using 120-ml vials in batch mode. Substrate, biomass, and biogas occupied 66%, 17%, and 17% (v/v) of the volume of each vial, respectively. The duration of each batch test was 10 days. Produced methane was measured through gas replacement with 2N KOH solution as CO2 absorbent. The chemical oxygen demand (COD) test was performed on samples before and after each test. The variation in temperature and pH were retained at 35 ± 2ºC and 7, respectively. The input COD was measured for each vial at the beginning and end of the experiment. EDC was analyzed through gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) at the beginning and end of the experiments.Findings: With the EDC concentrations of 500, 1000, 5000, and 20000 mg/l, methane productions of 12.6, 9.9, 2.98, and 0.86 ml/day per gram VSS were observed, respectively. A decline in the efficiency of COD removal was also observed in the mentioned EDC concentrations. The efficiency of COD removal at the mentioned concentrations was 68.9, 70.5, 54.4, and 33.8%, respectively. The inhibitory effects of EDC on methanogenic activity of anaerobic biomass started at its concentrations higher than 750 mg/l. The amounts of cumulative methane at EDC concentrations of 750, 5000, and 20000 mg/l were 30.7, 9.86, and 1.9 ml/day, respectively. EDC removal efficiency at initial concentrations of 500, 2000, and 3000 mg/l was 95.2%, 94.7%, and 93.8%, respectively.Conclusion: The results of this study indicated that EDC concentrations of higher than 750 mg/l caused a decrease in bacterial activity and reduction in methane production..
Full-Text [PDF 766 kb]   (219 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: education health and promotion
Received: 2020/07/16 | Accepted: 2016/01/15 | Published: 2016/01/15

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2023 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Journal of Health System Research

Designed & Developed by: Yektaweb