Volume 11, Issue 4 (1-2016)                   HSR 2016, 11(4): 671-676 | Back to browse issues page

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Javadzadeh H, Badrian S, Reisi M, Ali askari N, Meshkati M, Badrian M. A Study of the Frequency of Occupational Injuries and Knowledge of Standard Precautions among Laboratory Staff and Nurses. HSR 2016; 11 (4) :671-676
URL: http://hsr.mui.ac.ir/article-1-826-en.html
1- Assistant Professor, Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, School of Public Health, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran
2- Laboratory Sciences Technician, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
3- General Practitioner, Department of Communicable Diseases, Deputy of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
4- MSc Student, Department of Medical Education, Student Research Committee, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
Abstract:   (855 Views)
Background: Hepatitis B and C and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection are among serious health issues in Iran. Knowledge of the designed standard precautions can reduce occupational injuries which result in the transmission of these infections. This study was conducted to determine the rate of occupational injuries and knowledge of the standard precautions among laboratory staff and nurses of Dehaghan and Shahreza, Iran.Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 77 laboratory staff and nurses of governmental centers affiliated to Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Iran, who were selected through census method. A researcher-made questionnaire was used to assess knowledge of standard precautions and occupational injuries. Data were analyzed using descriptive indices, and chi-square and Mann-Whitney tests in SPSS software.Findings: None of the subjects had knowledge of Standard precautions at adequate level. The findings showed that 15.6% and 84.4% of subjects had a medium and poor level of knowledge. In this study, a significant association was found between gender and immunization against hepatitis B (P < 0.05). After vaccination, 61% of the subjects had attempted to measure their antibody titer. The most common reported occupational injury (50.6%) was the needle-stickConclusion: Given the low level of knowledge and frequent recurrence of injuries such as the needle stick, cutting and scratching of the skin, and etcetera in the subjects, an integrated and consistent planning for training on the standard precautions seems necessary.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: education health and promotion
Received: 2020/07/16 | Accepted: 2016/01/15 | Published: 2016/01/15

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