Volume 14, Issue 4 (1-2019)                   HSR 2019, 14(4): 480-486 | Back to browse issues page

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Narimani N, Rostamniakan-Kalhori S, Zamani-Alavijeh F, Mohamadian H, Salahshouri A. Effective Social Factors on the Exacerbation and Modification of Risky Behavior of Motorcyclists: The Results of an Analytical Study in Tehran, Iran. HSR 2019; 14 (4) :480-486
URL: http://hsr.mui.ac.ir/article-1-1054-en.html
1- - MSc Student, Department of Health Education and Promition, School of Public Health, Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
2- Assistant Professor, Department of Health Information Management, School of Allied Medical Sciences, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3- Associate Professor, Department of Health Education and Promotion, School of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
4- Assistant Professor, Research Center for Health-Related Social Determinates AND Department of Health Education and Promotion, School of Public Health, Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
5- - Department of Health Education and Promotion, School of Public Health, Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
Abstract:   (1163 Views)
Background: Traffic accidents on Iran’s roads cause thousands of deaths and injuries every year. Since traffic behaviors vary in different sociocultural settings, it is necessary to explore factors that facilitate risk-taking behaviors among motorcyclists including social factors. Therefore, the purpose of the present study was to determine the effect of social factors on exacerbation and modification of motorcyclists' risky behavior.Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive-analytical study was performed from December 2016 to February 2017 using simple random sampling on 138 motorcyclists referred to the clearance headquarter in Tehran, Iran, whose motorcycles were impounded because of a traffic violation. Data were collected through a self-made questionnaire that has been extracted from previous surveys. To analyze the data, the chi-square test was used via SPSS Software.Findings: The mean age of participants was 26.35 ± 7.50 years with a range of 16-56 years which 63.4% of them were single and all were men. The education level of 26.4% was under diploma, 40.3% of them had diploma, and 33.3% had academic education. The results of chi-square test showed that there was a significant relationship between police behavior and reduced risky behavior of motorcyclists (P = 0.004). However, no significant relationship was observed in association with the effect of friends and family.Conclusion: Since the participants believed that police, family, friends, and other drivers had an effective role in exacerbation or modification of their risky behavior, intervening in these factors can reduce motorcyclists’ risky behaviors.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: education health and promotion
Received: 2020/07/16 | Accepted: 2021/11/16 | Published: 2021/11/16

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