Volume 8, Issue 7 (2-2013)                   HSR 2013, 8(7): 1376-1384 | Back to browse issues page

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Heidari M, Alhani F, Kazemnejad A, Tol A, Moezi F. Assessing the Effect of Educational Program Based on Empowerment Model on HbA1C among Adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes. HSR 2013; 8 (7) :1376-1384
URL: http://hsr.mui.ac.ir/article-1-476-en.html
1- Department of Pediatric Nursing, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
2- Associate Professor, Department of Nursing, School of Medicine, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
3- Professor, Department of Biostatistics, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
4- Department of Health Education and Promotion, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
5- Assistant Professor, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran
Abstract:   (983 Views)
Background: The ultimate goal of diabetes control is HbA1C improvement. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of empowerment model on HbA1C among adolescents with type 1 diabetes. Methods: The present semi-experimental study was carried out on some 47 diabetic adolescents in order to investigate the effect of an educational program based on the empowerment model on HbA1C among adolescents with type 1 diabetes. Samples were randomly divided into two groups of case and control. The study tools included the questionnaires of demographic information, knowledge, self-efficacy, and self-esteem. Moreover, the level of HbA1C of the adolescents was evaluated. The validity and reliability of the questionnaires were evaluated by content validity and α-test. After collecting the pre-intervention data and level of HbA1C of the adolescents, the group discussion meetings were performed on the subjects in the case group. Data and level of HbA1C of the adolescents were collected and analyzed 2.5 months after the intervention. Data were analyzed using SPSS software version 11.5. Findings: Study results indicated that there were significant differences between the two groups in terms of the knowledge, self–efficacy, self-esteem, and HbA1C after the intervention (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Overwhelmingly, implementation of the empowerment based diabetes intervention has been highly effective on the HbA1C level of diabetic adolescents. It is suggested that this intervention be applied to other age groups in a wider range.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: education health and promotion
Received: 2020/07/16 | Accepted: 2013/02/15 | Published: 2013/02/15

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