Volume 10, Issue 4 (1-2015)                   HSR 2015, 10(4): 641-654 | Back to browse issues page

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Fatemeh Shirani, Fatemeh Zaribaf, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh. Dietary glycemic index and glycemic load in relation to cardiovascular disease risk factors: A review of current evidence. HSR 2015; 10 (4) :641-654
URL: http://hsr.mui.ac.ir/article-1-746-en.html
1- PhD student in Nutrition, Nutrition and Metabolic Diseases Research Center, Department of Nutrition, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
2- MS in Nutrition, Food Security Research Center, Department of Nutrition, School of Nutrition and Food Science, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
3- Associate Professor, Food Security Research Center, Department of Nutrition, School of Nutrition and Food Science, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran (Corresponding Author) Email: Esmaillzadeh@hlth.mui.ac.ir
Abstract:   (772 Views)
Background: In recent years, changes in lifestyle behaviors particularly change in dietary patterns have increased the risk of cardiovascular diseases.In most of the developing countries, the consumption of carbohydrate has increased , but the effect of high glycemic index (GI) andhigh glycemic load (GL) of dietary carbohydrates on the etiology of cardiovascular disease has not been well studied. The aim of the present study is to review the previous evidence about the association between the dietary GI and GL and cardiovascular disease risk factors.Methods: A literature search in PubMed databases was done with keywords ‘glycemic index’ , ‘glycemic load’, ‘cardiovascular disease’, ‘coronary heart disease’. In this review, the entire cross - sectional, prospective cohort and clinical trial studies from January 1960 until December 2012 were included.Findings: Although the results of previous studies were inconsistence, low glycemic index and glycemic load is associated with risk factors of cardiovascular disease such as decrease fasting blood glucose as well as elevated serum of high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, lower level of triglyceride (TG) concentration and inflammation.Conclusion: Taken together all mentioned studies, low glycemic index and load is associated with risk factors of cardiovascular disease. More research is required to determine the definite association between dietary glycemic index and glycemic load and cardiovascular disease.Key Words: Carbohydrate, Glycemic Index, Glycemic Load, Cardiovascular Disease
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: education health and promotion
Received: 2020/07/16 | Accepted: 2015/01/15 | Published: 2015/01/15

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