Volume 11, Issue 3 (10-2015)                   HSR 2015, 11(3): 573-581 | Back to browse issues page

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Taghdisi M H, Babazadeh T, Alizadeh F, Sedghifard Z, Vafa M R, Azam K. Survey of factors associated with fruit daily consumption among elementary school male students based on the Theory of Planned Behavior. HSR 2015; 11 (3) :573-581
URL: http://hsr.mui.ac.ir/article-1-794-en.html
1- Associate Professor of Health Education, Community Based Participatory Research Center, Iranian Institute for Reduction of High-Risk Behaviors, Tehran, Iran
2- Master student of Health Education, school of public Health, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
3- Master Student of Nursing, Marand Islamic Azad University, Department of Nursing, Marand, Iran
4- Master Student of Biostatistics, School of Paramedical, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
5- Assistant Professor of Nutrition, School of Public Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
6- Assistant Professor of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (803 Views)
Background: Inadequate consumption of fruits in students is as a risk factor for some diseases such as cancers and cardiovascular in adulthood. The purpose of this study was to survey associated with the fruit daily consumption in elementary student based on the theory of planned behavior (TPB) in Chalderan.Methods: In this study were selected randomly 184 students from elementary school boys and completed questionnaires related to demographic data, structures the theory of planned behavior and daily consumption of the fruits of the data gathering were analyzed with SPSS version 20 and statistical analysis of correlation and Linear Regression.Findings: The results showed that mean 1.32 of the students 1 time, 2.58 of 2 time, 2.9 percent 3 times and only 0.5 percent 4 times daily consumption of fruits. The results showed that 32.1 percent of the students 1 time, 58.2 percent 2 times, 9.2 percent 3 times and only 0.5 percent, consumed 4 times in day fruits. According to Linear Regression analysis, attitude and subjective norms were greater predictive power for intention of fruit consumption (=0.19, F=36, P< 0.001). Subjective norms and behavioral intention were greater predictive power for consumption of fruits (=0.36, F=36, P< 0.001).Conclusion: Fruit consumption in students is less than the amount recommended by the World Health Organization. According to the findings of this study should be attention in design educational interventions for elementary student on subjective norms and behavioral intention variables. Key Words: Fruit, Theory of Planned Behavior, Elementary School Students
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: education health and promotion
Received: 2020/07/16 | Accepted: 2015/10/15 | Published: 2015/10/15

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