Volume 12, Issue 3 (10-2016)                   HSR 2016, 12(3): 272-277 | Back to browse issues page

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Farzaneh Daneshpajhooh, Mohammad Mehdi Hadavi, Akbar Hasanzadeh, Firoozeh Mostafavi. The Effect of Educational Intervention on Knowledge, Perceived Barriers, Referral Status, and Adherence to the Coronary Rehabilitation Ward Program in Shahid Chamran Hospital, Isfahan, Iran. HSR 2016; 12 (3) :272-277
URL: http://hsr.mui.ac.ir/article-1-883-en.html
1- Department of Health Education and Promotion, School of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
2- Department of Sports Medicine , Chamran Hospital, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
3- Lecturer, Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
4- Associate Professor, Department of Health Education and Promotion, Faculty School of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran Corresponding Author: Firoozeh Mostafavi, Email: mostafavi@hlth.mui.ac.ir
Abstract:   (709 Views)
Background: Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the most important cause of death and reduce quality of life (QOL). Rehabilitation services promote health in these patients; however, their usage status is not desirable. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the effect of educational intervention on patients' knowledge, perceived barriers, and referral status of the coronary heart diseases rehabilitation ward of Shahid Chamran Hospital in Isfahan, Iran.Methods: This quasi-experimental intervention study was performed on 69 cardiac patients (intervention group = 35 individuals, control group = 34 individuals) referring to Shahid Chamran Hospital of Isfahan in 2013. Eligible patients were randomly assigned to one of the two groups. Data were collected using a researcher-made questionnaire approved by the experts. The intervention group received face-to-face educational intervention, pamphlet, film, power-point slides, and telephone calls. The referral status and number of referrals to the rehabilitation program was investigated through telephone follow-up and reviewing the list of clients 2 months after the first referral. Data were analyzed using relevant statistical tests in SPSS software. The significant level was considered as 0.05.Findings: The mean age of the intervention and control group participants was 58.57 ± 2.1 and 55.94 ± 1.8 years, respectively. The results showed a significant increase in knowledge (P < 0.001) and a significant decrease in perceived barriers (P < 0.01) in the intervention group compared to the control group. The number of referrals to rehabilitation programs in the intervention group was significantly higher than the control group (P < 0.03). Patients who referred to the rehabilitation unit obtained higher mean knowledge score (P < 0.001) and lower mean perceived barriers score (P = 0.03) than others.Conclusion: Educational intervention program aimed at increasing cardiac patients’ awareness regarding the benefits of rehabilitation programs and decreasing their perceived barriers increased their adherence to the rehabilitation program.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: education health and promotion
Received: 2020/07/16 | Accepted: 2016/10/15 | Published: 2016/10/15

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